Immunotherapy has revolutionized treatment of cancers and autoimmune diseases. Bucking the trend, however, is type 1 diabetes (T1D), although it is one of best understood autoimmune diseases and individuals at genetic risk are identifiable with high certainty. Here we review the major obstacles associated with pan-B-cell-depletion using rituximab (RTX) and discuss the notion that B cell-directed therapy may be most effective as a preventive measure. We suggest that it will be more productive to aim at identifying and targeting autoreactive B cells rather than making adjustments to pan-B cell depletion and that non-conventional alternative therapies such as antibody blockade of FasL to bolster IL-10-producing Breg cells, which work successfully in mice, should be considered.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 2016|
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