Awareness, treatment and control of cardiometabolic disorders in Chinese adults with diabetes: A national representative population study

Tiange Wang, Yu Xu, Min Xu, Weiqing Wang, Yufang Bi, Jieli Lu, Meng Dai, Di Zhang, Lin Ding, Baihui Xu, Jichao Sun, Wenhua Zhao, Yong Jiang, Limin Wang, Yichong Li, Mei Zhang, Shenghan Lai, Linhong Wang, Guang Ning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The diagnosis of diabetes has important clinic implications for the prevention and management of cardiometabolic disorders. We aimed to investigate the awareness, treatment and control of hypertension and dyslipidemia in previously-diagnosed and newly-diagnosed diabetes in Chinese adult population. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in a nationally representative sample of 98658 Chinese adults aged 18years or older in 2010, using a complex, multistage, probability sampling design. Glycemic status were defined according to the 2010 American Diabetes Association criteria. Hypertension was diagnosed by the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Dyslipidemia was diagnosed by the 2004 National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. Results: The weighted prevalence of hypertension and dyslipidemia gradually increased in adults with normal glucose regulation, prediabetes, newly-diagnosed diabetes and previously-diagnosed diabetes. Compared to newly-diagnosed diabetes patients, previously-diagnosed diabetes patients were more likely to be aware of hypertension (weighted percentage [95% confidence interval]: 55.2% [52.9%-57.5%] vs 37.6% [35.9%-39.3%]) and dyslipidemia (33.9% [31.8%-36.1%] vs 12.8% [11.7%-13.9%]), to receive blood pressure-lowing (43.7% [41.5%-46.0%] vs 27.5% [26.0%-29.0%]) and lipid-lowering (18.9% [17.2%-20.7%] vs 5.4% [4.6%-6.2%]) therapies, and to have controlled blood pressure (4.7% [3.5%-6.2%] vs 3.5% [2.6%-4.8%]) and lipid (15.9% [12.3%-20.3%] vs 9.5% [6.4%-13.8%]) levels. Conclusions: Detection and control of hypertension and dyslipidemia is far from optimal in Chinese adults, especially in newly-diagnosed diabetes. Improved screening for diabetes is required to promote a better prevention, treatment and control of hypertension and dyslipidemia in China.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number28
JournalCardiovascular Diabetology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 26 2015

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Keywords

  • China
  • Control
  • Diabetes
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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