In 1995 Laing et al. (Am J Hum Genet 56(1995)422) described a single family with nine members affected by an autosomal dominant infantile onset distal myopathy. This family generated a LOD score of 2.6 for a locus on chromosome 14. We describe two families with an infantile onset distal myopathy: a new family with four affected members and the family previously described by Scoppetta et al. (Acta Neurol Scand 92(1955)122) in both of which haplotype segregation was compatible with linkage to the same chromosome 14 locus, generating LOD scores of 0.9 at a penetrance of 100% for the markers D14S283 and D14S64 (θ=0) in both families. The loci for autosomal recessive hereditary inclusion body myopathy and Nonaka myopathy on chromosome 9 and for autosomal dominant distal myopathy of Markesberry-Griggs and Udd on chromosome 2q31-33 were excluded by linkage analysis. The disease followed a uniform course with selective wasting of the anterior tibial muscles, starting in infancy and recognizable by a characteristic clinical sign of the 'hanging big toe'. This was followed by slow progression, with involvement of the finger and wrist extensor muscles in the third decade and proximal limb muscles in the fourth decade. Interestingly, we also found evidence of an accompanying mild peripheral neuropathy in the oldest individual with hypomyelination of numerous large myelinated fibres. In addition, this patient's muscle biopsy also showed autophagic vacuoles and numerous intranuclear tubulo-filamentous inclusions of 15-20 nm diameter. Given that all three families with infantile onset distal myopathy are compatible with linkage to the same locus on chromosome 14, this study supports evidence for, and enlarges the clinical and neuropathological spectrum of the distal myopathy on chromosome 14.
- Autosomal dominant distal myopathy
- Chromosome 14
- Hypomyelination neuropathy
- LOD scores
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology