Autonomic dysreflexia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Autonomic dysreflexia is a medical emergency. It occurs in individuals with spinal cord injury at or above the T6 level, disconnecting the caudal spinal region and splanchnic sympathetic outflow from supraspinal control. Visceral or somatic stimuli caudal to the lesion produce acute rise in blood pressure, hyperhidrosis, flushing, pounding headache, nasal congestion, and piloerection. Awareness of autonomic dysreflexia, its prompt clinical recognition, and removal of offending stimuli are important. A quick and systematic treatment of elevated blood pressure can avert serious consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Curated Reference Collection in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology
PublisherElsevier Science Ltd.
Pages345-347
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9780128093245
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute blood pressure elevation
  • Autonomic dysreflexia
  • Blood pressure reduction with antihypertensives
  • Recurrent blood pressure elevation
  • Somatic stimuli
  • Visceral stimuli

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Khurana, R. K. (2016). Autonomic dysreflexia. In The Curated Reference Collection in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology (pp. 345-347). Elsevier Science Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809324-5.03946-8