Automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: History and future developments

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The clinical experience with automatic internal defibrillation is now extensive, with over 65000 patients treated since the first implantation in 1980. The success of the technique is largely the result of the perseverance and foresight of Dr. Michel Mirowski, although many people were eventually involved. The author was privileged to participate almost from the very inception of the project. The early experiments and some of the difficulties along the way leading up to the present extensive favorable human experience are described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-126
Number of pages4
JournalZeitschrift fur Kardiologie
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • AICD history
  • endocardial defibrillation
  • sudden cardiac death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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