Autologous glioma cell vaccine admixed with interleukin-4 gene transfected fibroblasts in the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma: Preliminary observations in a patient with a favorable response to therapy

Hideho Okada, Frank S. Lieberman, Howard D. Edington, Timothy F. Witham, Mark J. Wargo, Quan Cai, Elaine H. Elder, Theresa L. Whiteside, S. Clifford Schold, Ian F. Pollack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We designed a phase I clinical trial of vaccinations with autologous glioma cells expressing transgene-derived interleukin-4 (IL-4), and treated one patient with a right temporal lobe recurrent glioblastoma. This 62-year-old man underwent craniotomy and partial tumor removal, at which time autologous tumor cells were obtained for vaccine preparation. After confirming the patient's cellular immune function by skin test, two cycles of vaccination with irradiated autologous glioma cells admixed with gene transfected fibroblasts were given intradermally. The patient demonstrated no evidence of allergic encephalitis throughout this course. Immunohistochemistry with biopsy samples taken from the vaccine sites demonstrated that the infiltration level of CD4, CD8 and CD1a positive cells increased proportionally to the amount of IL-4 produced at the each site, suggesting that there was local immune response induced at the vaccine site. While it is premature to assess effectiveness of the vaccine, this initial patient's course suggested a transient response to the vaccine, and he survived 10 months after treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neuro-oncology
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cancer vaccine
  • Gliomas
  • Immunotherapy
  • Interleukin-4
  • Retroviral vectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Autologous glioma cell vaccine admixed with interleukin-4 gene transfected fibroblasts in the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma: Preliminary observations in a patient with a favorable response to therapy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this