Autoimmune diseases

N. R. Rose

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Autoimmune diseases represent a family of at least 80 illnesses that share a common pathogenesis, namely an immune-mediated attack by the body on its own organs, tissues, and cells. They can affect any site in the body and so their clinical manifestations are highly variable. While most of these diseases individually are rare, collectively they are among the most common diseases in industrialized societies. They represent increasing threats to public health around the world because their prevalence is rising in developing as well as more developed countries. The disease is often disabling, leading to loss of organ function and decreased productivity, requiring extensive care. Since cures are not available for any of the autoimmune diseases and most are unremitting, patients may face a lifetime of debilitating illness and costly treatment. Because most of the autoimmune diseases disproportionately afflict women, particularly in their childbearing years, they impose an especially heavy burden on families and on society generally as well as on patients themselves. © 2008

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Public Health
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages267-271
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9780123739605
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Keywords

  • Autoantibodies
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Autoimmunity
  • B cells
  • Chemokines
  • Cytokines
  • HLA
  • Haplotype
  • Lymphocyte
  • Major histocompatibility
  • T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Rose, N. R. (2008). Autoimmune diseases. In International Encyclopedia of Public Health (pp. 267-271). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012373960-5.00408-1