Autoantibodies to nuclear, cytoplasmic, and cytoskeletal antigens in renal allograft rejection

Gale A. McCarty, Leslie B. King, Fred Sanfilippo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Autoantibodies (AA) detected by indirect immunofluorescence on HEp-2 cells and lymphocyte panel reactive antibodies (PRA) were measured pretransplant and within 2 weeks after transplant nephrectomy in a group of 21 consecutive renal allograft recipients with irreversible graft rejection. No patient had clinical evidence or history of autoimmune disease. Although 43% of patients had AA and 29% had a positive PRA pretransplant, 90% had AA and 100% had a positive PRA posttransplant nephrectomy (P <0.0032, 0.00001, respectively). Analysis of AA detected following graft failure revealed that all were of lgG class, and more than half the patients had multiple patterns including speckled nuclear, cytoplasmic, perinuclear, mitotic spindle apparatus, and smooth muscle staining. Of 11 patients retested up to one year later, all showed a persistence of previously detected AA in both pattern and titer, although none of the patients had any other signs or symptoms of autoimmune disease. A control group of 21 transplant recipients with functioning grafts was similarly tested revealing that 35% had AA and 29% had positive PRA pretransplant, but only 14% had AA and 14% positive PRA posttransplant. The presence of posttransplant AA or PRA was not associated with antecedent delayed graft function (ATN), rejection episodes, treatment with antithymocyte globulin, the interval posttransplantation, or subsequent graft outcome. However, pretransplant AA and PRA in both groups were associated with prior graft loss, but not with other variables examined. These findings indicate that serologically detectable sensitization to lymphocyte (HLA) antigens and the presence of persistent, multiple autoantibodies to nuclear, cytoplasmic, and cy toskeletal antigens is a frequent occurrence following graft loss. Further-more, the development of AA following graft rejection appears to be unrelated to the prior presence or subse-quent development of clinical autoimmune disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)446-451
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation
Volume37
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Immunology

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    McCarty, G. A., King, L. B., & Sanfilippo, F. (1984). Autoantibodies to nuclear, cytoplasmic, and cytoskeletal antigens in renal allograft rejection. Transplantation, 37(5), 446-451.