Augmentation of coronary flow improves myocardial function in exercise

Patricia A. Gwirtz, Jeffrey M. Dodd-o, Marilyn A. Brandt, Carl E. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We compared the effects of increasing coronary blood flow (CBF) by intracoronary α-adrenergic blockade or by a direct vasodilator in six chronically instrumented dogs undergoing submaximal exercise. On different days, CBF, left ventricular pressure (LVP), regional myocardial segment length (SL), and arterial blood pressure (ABP) were measured at rest, during strenuous exercise before administration of vasodilating agents, and during exercise after administration of the vasodilating agents prazosin (0.5 mg) or adenosine (10-100 μg/min continuous infusion) through an indwelling circumflex artery catheter. Exercise resulted in a significant increase in CBF, which was accompanied by significant increases in maximum rate of LVP generation (dP/dtmax), percentage of SL shortening (%SL) and maximum rate of SL shortening (dL/dtmax) in both the anterior and posterior regions of the left ventricle. As compared with the exercise level alone, prazosin administration or adenosine infusion during exercise significantly increased CBF by 22 and 26%, respectively. Furthermore, these increases in CBF were followed by significant increases in both dP/dtmaxand dL/dtmaxover exercise levels without prazosin administration or adenosine infusion. These results suggest that myocardial contractile function may be flow-limited under conditions of submaximal exercise and that coronary vasodilatation, either by α-adrenergic blockade or by a direct vasodilator, improves contractile function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)752-758
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cardiovascular pharmacology
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1990

Keywords

  • Adenosine
  • Coronary blood flow
  • Exercise
  • Myocardial function
  • Prazosin
  • α-Adrenergic blockade
  • α-Adrenoceptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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