Aims This study aimed at assessing the prevalence, electrophysiologic characteristics, and mechanism of atypical atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). Methods and results We studied 925 consecutive patients with AVNRT. Atrial-His (AH) and His-atrial (HA) intervals were measured during atypical AVNRT (HA > 70 ms), and compared with measurements in 34 patients with typical (slow-fast) AVNRT. Assuming that conduction velocity over the fast pathway is similar in the anterograde and retrograde directions, the AH interval during the fast-slow form should be smaller than the HA during slow-fast. Atypical AVNRT was diagnosed in 59 patients (6.4%), median age 50 years (range 19-79 years), and 37 (59.7%) of them female. Fast-slow AVNRT was diagnosed in 44 patients (74.5%), and slow-slow AVNRT in 9 patients (15.2%). The remaining six patients (10.2%) could not be reliably classified due to inconsistent AH, and HA/AH patterns or variable intervals. Tachycardia induction with anterograde conduction jumps was seen in two patients with the fast-slow, and in three patients with slow-slow or intermediate forms. Atrial-His in the fast-slow group was significantly longer than HA in the slow-fast group, 99.7 ± 40.5 ms vs. 45.8 ± 7.7 ms, P < 0.001. Tachycardia cycle length was longer in fast-slow compared with slow-fast, 379.1 ± 68.5 ms vs. 317.1 ± 42.8 ms, P < 0.001. Conclusion Of AVNRT cases, 6.4% are atypical and may display patterns that do not necessarily correspond to the fast-slow or slow-slow conventional types. Atypical fast-slow and typical AVNRT do not appear to utilize the same limb for fast conduction.
- Atypical atrioventricular nodal tachycardia
- Fast-slow tachycardia
- Nodal extensions
- Slow-slow tachycardia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)