Attendance rates in a workplace predict subsequent outcome of employment based reinforcement of cocaine abstinence in methadone patients

Wendy D. Donlin, Todd W. Knealing, Mick Needham, Conrad J. Wong, Kenneth Silverman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study assessed whether attendance rates in a workplace predicted subsequent outcome of employment based reinforcement of cocaine abstinence. Unemployed adults in Baltimore methadone programs who used cocaine (N = 111) could work in a workplace for 4 hr every weekday and earn $10.00 per hour in vouchers for 26 weeks. During an induction period, participants provided urine samples but could work independent of their urinalysis results. After the induction period, participants had to provide urinalysis evidence of cocaine abstinence to work and maintain maximum pay. A multiple regression analysis showed that induction period attendance was independently associated with urinalysis evidence of cocaine abstinence under the employment based abstinence reinforcement contingency. Induction period attendance may measure the reinforcing value of employment and could be used to guide the improvement of employment based abstinence reinforcement. DESCRIPTORS: Abstinence reinforcement, cocaine addiction, contingency management, employment, methadone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-516
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

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Methadone
Cocaine
reinforcement
Workplace
induction
workplace
Urinalysis
contingency
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Baltimore
addiction
evidence
regression analysis
Regression Analysis
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Work Place
Reinforcement
Urine
Induction
management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Attendance rates in a workplace predict subsequent outcome of employment based reinforcement of cocaine abstinence in methadone patients. / Donlin, Wendy D.; Knealing, Todd W.; Needham, Mick; Wong, Conrad J.; Silverman, Kenneth.

In: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, Vol. 41, No. 4, 12.2008, p. 499-516.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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