Atrophy of pyramidal neurons and increased stress-induced glutamate levels in CA3 following chronic suppression of adult neurogenesis

Robert J. Schloesser, Dennisse V. Jimenez, Nicholas F. Hardy, Daniel Paredes, Briony J. Catlow, Husseini K. Manji, Ronald D. McKay, Keri Martinowich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Following their birth in the adult hippocampal dentate gyrus, newborn progenitor cells migrate into the granule cell layer where they differentiate, mature, and functionally integrate into existing circuitry. The hypothesis that adult hippocampal neurogenesis is physiologically important has gained traction, but the precise role of newborn neurons in hippocampal function remains unclear. We investigated whether loss of new neurons impacts dendrite morphology and glutamate levels in area CA3 of the hippocampus by utilizing a human GFAP promoter-driven thymidine kinase genetic mouse model to conditionally suppress adult neurogenesis. We found that chronic ablation of new neurons induces remodeling in CA3 pyramidal cells and increases stress-induced release of the neurotransmitter glutamate. The ability of persistent impairment of adult neurogenesis to influence hippocampal dendrite morphology and excitatory amino acid neurotransmission has important implications for elucidating newborn neuron function, and in particular, understanding the role of these cells in stress-related excitoxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1139-1148
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Structure and Function
Volume219
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

Keywords

  • Atrophy
  • CA3
  • Dendrite
  • Dentate gyrus
  • Excitotoxicity
  • Neurogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Histology

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