Atrasentan in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma: A phase 2 trial of the ECOG-ACRIN cancer research group (E6800)

Michael A. Carducci, Judith Manola, Suresh G. Nair, Glenn Liu, Steven Rousey, Janice P. Dutcher, George Wilding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Atrasentan, an oral endothelin receptor A antagonist, demonstrated phase 1 activity in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). A phase 2 study was undertaken in patients with measurable or bone-only metastatic RCC in the pre-VEGF/TKI era. Methods and Materials Patients were stratified by disease status and prior immunotherapy. Eligible patients had no prior chemotherapy, 0 to 1 prior immunotherapies, and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 to 2. Patients received atrasentan 10 mg per day until progression. The primary end point was progression-free (PF) rate at 6 months. Rates of 25% among patients treated with prior immunotherapy and 45% among patients with no prior immunotherapy were considered promising. A 2-stage design was used for cohorts without prior immunotherapy. Results From 2003 to 2005, 98 patients were registered. Median treatment duration was 9.9 weeks (range, 0.3-107 weeks). Toxicities were mild; 71% of patients reported no grade 3 or higher treatment-related events. Grade 4 events included neutropenia (n = 3), dyspnea (n = 2), thrombosis (n = 1), and arrhythmia (n = 1). Two grade 5 events (dyspnea and constitutional) were possibly treatment related. Six-month PF rates (90% confidence interval) were 14% (6-25), 0% (0-39), 8% (1-23), and 22% (8-44), respectively, for patients with prior immunotherapy/measurable disease (n = 44), prior immunotherapy/bone metastases (n = 6), no prior immunotherapy/measurable disease (n = 25), and no prior immunotherapy/bone metastases (n = 18). Median PF survival was 2.3 months (95% confidence interval, 2.0-3.5 months). Conclusion Although well tolerated, atrasentan did not yield 6-month PF rates supporting its use as first-line monotherapy in patients with advanced RCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)531-539.e1
JournalClinical Genitourinary Cancer
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2015

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Keywords

  • Bone metastases
  • Endothelin A receptor antagonist
  • Kidney cancer
  • Pain palliation
  • Progression-free survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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