Atlas-based neuroinformatics via MRI: Harnessing information from past clinical cases and quantitative image analysis for patient care

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

With the ever-increasing amount of anatomical ormation radiologists have to evaluate for routine diagnoses, computational port that facilitates more efficient education and clinical decision making is highly desired. Despite the rapid progress of image analysis technologies for magnetic resonance imaging of the human brain, these methods have not been widely adopted for clinical diagnoses. To bring computational port into the clinical arena, we need to understand the decision-making process employed by well-trained clinicians and develop tools to simulate that process. In this review, we discuss the potential of atlas-based clinical neuroormatics, which consists of annotated databases of anatomical measurements grouped according to their morphometric phenotypes and coupled with the clinical ormatics upon which their diagnostic groupings are based. As these are indexed via parametric representations, we can use image retrieval tools to search for phenotypes along with their clinical metadata. The review covers the current technology, preliminary data, and future directions of this field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-92
Number of pages22
JournalAnnual Review of Biomedical Engineering
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • diagnosis
  • morphometry
  • neuroanatomy
  • neurology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering

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