Asymmetric spatiotemporal patterns of event-related desynchronization preceding voluntary sequential finger movements: A high-resolution EEG study

Ou Bai, Zoltan Mari, Sherry Vorbach, Mark Hallett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To study spatiotemporal patterns of event-related desynchronization (ERD) preceding voluntary sequential finger movements performed with dominant right hand and nondominant left hand. Methods: Nine subjects performed self-paced movements consisting of three key strokes with either hand. Subjects randomized the laterality and timing of movements. Electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded from 122 channels. Reference-free EEG power measurements in the beta band were calculated off-line. Results: During motor preparation (-2 to -0.5 s with respect to movement onset), contralateral preponderance of event-related desynchronization (ERD) (lateralized power) was only observed during right hand finger movements, whereas ERD during left hand finger movements was bilateral. Conclusions: For right-handers, activation on the left hemisphere during left hand movements is greater than that on the right hemisphere during right hand movements. Significance: We provide further evidence for motor dominance of the left hemisphere in early period of motor preparation for complex sequential finger movements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1213-1221
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume116
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dominance
  • Event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS)
  • Handedness
  • Hemispheric asymmetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Physiology (medical)

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