Associations of Postural Knowledge and Basic Motor Skill With Dyspraxia in Autism: Implication for Abnormalities in Distributed Connectivity and Motor Learning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Children with autism often have difficulty performing skilled movements. Praxis performance requires basic motor skill, knowledge of representations of the movement (mediated by parietal regions), and transcoding of these representations into movement plans (mediated by premotor circuits). The goals of this study were (a) to determine whether dyspraxia in autism is associated with impaired representational ("postural") knowledge and (b) to examine the contributions of postural knowledge and basic motor skill to dyspraxia in autism. Thirty-seven children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and 50 typically developing (TD) children, ages 8-13, completed (a) an examination of basic motor skills, (b) a postural knowledge test assessing praxis discrimination, and (c) a praxis examination. Children with ASD showed worse basic motor skill and postural knowledge than did controls. The ASD group continued to show significantly poorer praxis than did controls after accounting for age, IQ, basic motor skill, and postural knowledge. Dyspraxia in autism appears to be associated with impaired formation of spatial representations, as well as transcoding and execution. Distributed abnormality across parietal, premotor, and motor circuitry, as well as anomalous connectivity, may be implicated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-570
Number of pages8
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009

Keywords

  • autism spectrum disorder
  • developmental dyspraxia
  • motor learning
  • movement representation
  • premotor cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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