Associations of patella lead and other lead biomarkers with renal function in lead workers

Virginia M. Weaver, Byung Kook Lee, Andrew C. Todd, Bernard G. Jaar, Kyu Dong Ahn, Jiayu Wen, Weiping Shi, Patrick J. Parsons, Brian S. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: We sought to compare associations of patella lead, which may represent a unique cumulative and bioavailable lead pool, with other lead measures in models of renal function. Methods: Renal junction measures included blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, measured and calculated creatinine clearances, and urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and retinol-bindingprotein. Results: In 652 lead workers, mean (SD) blood, patella, and tibia lead were 30.9 (16.7) μg/dL, 75.1 (101.1) and 33.6 (43.4) μg Pb/g bone mineral, respectively, and were correlated (Spearman's r = 0.51-0.74). Patella lead was associated (P < 0.05) with NAG in all lead workers. In models of effect modification by age, higher patella lead also was associated with higher serum creatinine in older participants. Similar associations were observed for blood and tibia lead. Conclusions: Associations between patella lead and adverse renal outcomes were not unique; this may be due, in part, to high correlations among the lead biomarkers in this study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-243
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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