Associations between risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and frailty among community-dwelling older adults in Lanzhou, China

Yanhong Wang, Hae Ra Han, Wei Yang, Hongchen Zhang, Jing Zhang, Haihui Ruan, Nan Tang, Jingjing Ren, Xia Sun, Chunrong Li, Lin Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the relationship between cardiovascular disease risk factors and frailty in a sample of older Chinese adults. Methods: A total of 458 community-dwelling older adults (≥65 years) in Lanzhou, Gansu Province of China participated in a cross-sectional survey. Their status was evaluated in terms of frailty phenotype (unintentional weight loss, exhaustion, low activity levels, slowness and weakness). Participants were categorized as not frail, prefrail or frail. Cardiovascular disease risk factors that were assessed included: blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference, blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoproteins and high-density lipoproteins. Results: Individuals with obesity had an increased risk of prefrailty (OR: 2.26; 95% CI: 1.05, 4.84). Hypertension was inversely associated with frailty among the participants (OR: 0.31; 95% CI: 0.11, 0.87) after adjusting for covariates. Conclusions: The findings suggest that much more attention should be paid to weight control of the elderly in the community for preventing them from transition to prefrailty or frailty. Active prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases among the community-dwelling elder are still of great importance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-174
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Sciences
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2021

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • China
  • Community health centers
  • Frailty
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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