Associations between metabolomic compounds and incident heart failure among African Americans: The ARIC study

Yan Zheng, Bing Yu, Danny Alexander, Teri A. Manolio, David Aguilar, Josef Coresh, Gerardo Heiss, Eric Boerwinkle, Jennifer A. Nettleton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Heart failure is more prevalent among African Americans than in the general population. Metabolomic studies among African Americans may efficiently identify novel biomarkers of heart failure. We used untargeted methods to measure 204 stable serum metabolites and evaluated their associations with incident heart failure hospitalization (n = 276) after a median follow-up of 20 years (1987-2008) by using Cox regression in data from 1,744 African Americans aged 45-64 years without heart failure at baseline from the Jackson, Mississippi, field center of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. After adjustment for established risk factors, we found that 16 metabolites (6 named with known structural identities and 10 unnamed with unknown structural identities, the latter denoted by using the format X-12345) were associated with incident heart failure (P < 0.0004 based on a modified Bonferroni procedure). Of the 6 named metabolites, 4 are involved in amino acid metabolism, 1 (prolylhydroxyproline) is a dipeptide, and 1 (erythritol) is a sugar alcohol. After additional adjustment for kidney function, 2 metabolites remained associated with incident heart failure (for metabolite X-11308, hazard ratio = 0.75, 95% confidence interval: 0.65, 0.86; for metabolite X-11787, hazard ratio = 1.23, 95% confidence interval: 1.10, 1.37). Further structural analysis revealed X-11308 to be a dihydroxy docosatrienoic acid and X-11787 to be an isoform of either hydroxyleucine or hydroxyisoleucine. Our metabolomic analysis revealed novel biomarkers associated with incident heart failure independent of traditional risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)534-542
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume178
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2013

Keywords

  • heart failure
  • metabolomics
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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    Zheng, Y., Yu, B., Alexander, D., Manolio, T. A., Aguilar, D., Coresh, J., Heiss, G., Boerwinkle, E., & Nettleton, J. A. (2013). Associations between metabolomic compounds and incident heart failure among African Americans: The ARIC study. American journal of epidemiology, 178(4), 534-542. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwt004