Associations between medical service use and HIV risk among HIV-positive drug users in Baltimore, MD

Carl A. Latkin, V. L. Forman-Hoffman, G. D'Souza, A. R. Knowlton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The objectives of this study were first, to identify psychosocial and medical service utilization factors associated with unprotected sex with HIV-negative or unknown serostatus partners among persons living with HIV/AIDS, and second, to identify risk behaviours associated with HIV medical service use. We assessed 244 HIV-positive participants in an HIV intervention targeting drug users (1997-99). Fifty-seven per cent of HIV-positive participants reported unprotected sex within the past 90 days, 16.4% with serodiscordant partners. Odds of risky sex were lower among those currently receiving HIV medical care (odds ratio (OR) = 0.36), and were greater among females (OR = 2.6), those having friends with lower norms of condom use (OR = 3.3), and those having a main sexual partner (OR = 6.2). Lower odds of receiving HIV medical care were associated with current drug use (OR = 0.33), sharing drugs with a sex partner (OR = 0.27), and exchanging sex for drugs or money (OR = 0.24). Findings suggest the importance of community-based HIV prevention intervention targeting HIV-positive drug users not receiving HIV medical care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)901-908
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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