Associations between lipids and subclinical coronary atherosclerosis

Seamus P. Whelton, Jennifer A. Deal, Michelle Zikusoka, Lisa P. Jacobson, Sudipa Sarkar, Frank J. Palella, Lawrence Kingsley, Matthew Budoff, Mallory D. Witt, Todd T. Brown, Wendy S. Post

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Whether HIV modifies the relationship of serum lipids with coronary atherosclerosis and coronary plaque subtypes is uncertain. We examined the associations between traditional lipids and coronary atherosclerosis among HIV-infected (HIV+) and HIV-uninfected (HIV-) men.Design:The Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study is an observational cohort with a total of 429 HIV+ and 303 HIV- men who had non-contrast cardiac computed tomography performed to measure coronary artery calcium and coronary computed tomography angiography to measure coronary stenosis, coronary plaque presence, and composition.Methods:We used multivariable adjusted prevalence ratios to examine the relationship between the SD difference in each lipid parameter and coronary atherosclerosis.Results:Total cholesterol (TC)/HDL-cholesterol had the strongest associations with coronary atherosclerosis regardless of HIV status. Overall, lipid parameters were most strongly associated with the presence of mixed plaque, stenosis more than 50%, and coronary artery calcium for both HIV+ and HIV- men. HIV+ men had similar, but weaker associations, between lipid parameters and coronary atherosclerosis compared with HIV- men. The strongest association was between the TC/HDL-cholesterol and stenosis more than 50% for both HIV+ [prevalence ratios 1.25 per SD (95% confidence interval 1.07-1.43)] and HIV- men [prevalence ratios 1.46 per SD (95% confidence interval 1.08-1.85)].Conclusion:The associations between lipids and coronary atherosclerosis tended to be weaker for HIV+ compared with HIV- men, although TC/HDL had the strongest association for both HIV+ and HIV- men. A weaker association between lipid levels and coronary atherosclerosis for HIV+ men may contribute to the decreased discrimination of cardiovascular disease risk observed in HIV+ individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1053-1061
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

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Keywords

  • HIV
  • atherosclerosis
  • coronary artery disease
  • lipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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