Previous studies have indicated that vitamin D receptor (VDR) TaqI, BsmI, FokI and ApaI gene polymorphisms are associated with the risk of skeletal malformations with inflammation. However, the potential association of VDR gene polymorphisms with the susceptibility to hallux valgus remains unclear. To clarify this association, we compared the genotypes of 228 patients with hallux valgus with those of 200 controls using the Multiplex SNaPshot system. The χ2 test was used to compare the allele and genotype frequencies between groups, and p ≤.05 was considered statistically significant. The frequencies of the mutant allele C in TaqI (p =.036; odds ratio [OR] 1.57; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03-2.39) and mutant allele A in BsmI (p =.036; OR 1.33; 95% CI 1.02-1.74) were significantly greater in the patients than in the controls. In addition, after adjusting for sex and age, TaqI (p =.047; OR 1.61; 95% CI 1.00-2.58) and BsmI (p =.025; OR 1.67; 95% CI 1.06-2.61) were associated with the risk of hallux valgus through a dominant genetic model. A homozygous genetic model of BsmI was also significantly associated with the risk of hallux valgus (p =.033; OR 1.81; 95% CI 1.05-2.57). However, neither ApaI nor FokI were associated with increased susceptibility. To the best of our knowledge, we have reported for the first time that VDR gene TaqI and BsmI polymorphisms might contribute to the increased risk of hallux valgus in Chinese population.
- hallux valgus
- tumor necrosis factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine