During the study of the biology of the Human recombinant Histamine Releasing Factor (HrHRF), we uncovered a hyperreleasable phenotype of basophils from HrHRF-responder donors. Basophils from these donors released histamne to HrHRF, IL-3 and D2O. While there has been a significant amount of work elucidating signal transduction events in human basophils, the reason for this hyperreleasable phenotype remained illusive. A clue to the releasability of these highly allergic, asthmatic HrHRF-responder donor basophils was demonstrated in studies using SHIP knockout mice. Bone marrow-derived mast cells from the SHIP knockout mice demonstrated hyperreleasability to stimuli through the IgE receptor and alteration of subsequent signal transduction events. We have demonstrated a highly significant negative correlation between the amount of SHIP protein per cell equivalent and maximum histamine release to HrHRF. These results provide a clue to the hyperreleasable phenotype and implicate SHIP as an additional regulator of secretion in human basophils.
- Human Recombinant Histamine Releasing Factor (HrHRF)
- Human basophils
- Src homology 2 domain-containing 5′ phosphatase (SHIP)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology