Association of QRS duration with left ventricular structure and function and risk of heart failure in middle-aged and older adults: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)

Leonard Ilkhanoff, Kiang Liu, Hongyan Ning, Saman Nazarian, David A. Bluemke, Elsayed Z. Soliman, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims Prolonged QRS duration (QRSd) on the electrocardiogram (ECG) has been associated with cardiac structural and functional abnormalities by echocardiography and an increased risk of heart failure (HF). Data are sparse on these relationships in middle-aged and elderly individuals free of baseline cardiovascular disease with respect to cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We sought to determine whether QRSd is associated with incident HF and measures of cardiac structure and function by cardiac MRI.Methods and resultsWe analysed baseline ECGs in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) to determine whether QRSd >100 ms was associated with incident HF. We adjusted for demographic and clinical risk factors, as well as MRI measures of left ventricular (LV) structure and function. Among 4591 eligible participants (51 women; 39 white; mean age 61 years), 75 developed incident HF over a mean follow-up of 7.1 years. QRSd >100 ms was significantly associated with MRI measures of cardiac structure and function, as well as incident HF, even after adjustment for demographic covariates [hazard ratio (HR) 2.10, 95 confidence interval (CI) 1.29-3.42; P 0.003] and clinical risk factors (HR 1.86, 95 CI 1.14-3.03; P 0.01). With further adjustment for individual LV structural measures, findings were attenuated to non-significance. Separate adjustment for LV functional measures yielded only mild attenuation.ConclusionIn middle-aged and older adults without cardiovascular disease, a QRSd >100 ms was significantly associated with incident HF. After adjustment for LV structural measures, the association was attenuated to non-significance, suggesting that prolonged QRSd is potentially a useful marker of LV structure that may predispose to HF risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1285-1292
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Electrocardiogram
  • Heart failure
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • QRS duration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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