Association of Purα and E2F-1 suppresses transcriptional activity of E2F-1

Nune Darbinian, Gary L. Gallia, Mondira Kundu, Natalia Shcherbik, Anna Tretiakova, Antonio Giordano, Kamel Khalili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Protein-protein interaction can play an important role in the control of several biological events including gene transcription, replication and cell proliferation. E2F-1 is a DNA-binding transcription factor which, upon interaction with its target DNA sequence, induces expression of several S phase specific genes allowing progression of the cell cycle. Evidently, the activity of this protein is modulated by its cellular partner, pRb, which in the hypophosphorylated form, binds to E2F-1 and inactivates its transcriptional ability. In this study, we have demonstrated that expression of a sequence-specific single-stranded DNA binding protein, Purα, in cells decreases the ability of E2F-1 to exert its transcriptional activity upon the responsive promoter derived from DHFR. Results from band shift experiments revealed that while Purα does not recognize the double-stranded DNA fragment containing the E2F-1 binding site, it has the ability to inhibit E2F-1 interaction with its target DNA sequence. Results from GST pull-down assays and the combined immunoprecipitation/Western blot analysis of nuclear extracts revealed a direct association of E2F-1 with Purα in the absence of the DNA molecule containing the E2F-1 binding site. The association of Purα with E2F-1 may increase the stability of E2F-1, as a higher level of E2F-1 was detected in cells coexpressing Purα and E2F-1. The importance of these observations with respect to the role of Purα in the control of cell cycle progression is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6398-6402
Number of pages5
Issue number46
StatePublished - Nov 4 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • E2F-1
  • Protein-protein interaction
  • Purα
  • Single-stranded DNA binding protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research


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