Association of noninvasively measured left ventricular mechanics with in vitro muscle contractile performance: A prospective study in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients

Ashwat Dhillon, Wendy Sweet, Zoran B. Popovic, Nicholas G. Smedira, Maran Thamilarasan, Bruce W. Lytle, Carmela Tan, Randall C. Starling, Harry M. Lever, Christine S. Moravec, Milind Y. Desai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a primary myopathic process in which regional left ventricular dysfunction may exist without overt global left ventricular dysfunction. In obstructive HCM patients who underwent surgical myectomy (SM), we sought to determine if there is a significant association between echocardiographic longitudinal strain, histopathology, and in vitro myocardial performance (resting tension and developed tension) of the surgical specimen. Methods and Results: HCM patients (n=122, 54±14 years, 54% men) undergoing SM were prospectively recruited. Longitudinal systolic strain and diastolic strain rates were measured at that basal septum (partially removed at SM) by using velocity vector imaging on preoperative echocardiography. Semiquantitative histopathologic grading of myocyte disarray and fibrosis and in vitro measurements of resting tension and developed tension were made in septal tissue obtained at SM. Mean basal septal systolic strain and diastolic strain rate were -8.3±5% and 0.62±0.4/s, while mild or greater degree of myocyte disarray and interstitial fibrosis were present in 85% and 87%, respectively. Mean resting tension and developed tension were 2.8±1 and 1.4±0.8 g/mm2. On regression analysis, basal septal systolic strain, diastolic strain rate, disarray, and fibrosis were associated with developed tension (β=0.19, 0.20, -0.33, and -0.40, respectively, all P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number001269
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Contractile performance
  • HCM
  • Histopathology
  • Strain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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