We evaluated the association of plasma insulin and other markers of insulin and glucose control with subsequent colorectal cancer. Incident colon (n = 132) and rectal (n = 41) cancer cases and matched controls (n = 346) were identified between baseline in 1989 and 2000 among participants in a community-based cohort in Washington County, Maryland. Circulating markers of insulin and glucose control were measured in baseline blood samples. Body mass index (BMI) and use of medications to treat diabetes mellitus were self-reported at baseline. Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate matched odds ratios (ORs). Compared with the lowest fourth, participants with insulin concentrations in the highest fourth were not at an increased risk of colorectal cancer [OR, 0.78; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.45-1.35; Ptrend = 0.24]. Similarly, no associations were observed for the ratio of total cholesterol:HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1. However, those in the highest fourth of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level had a slightly increased risk of colorectal cancer (OR, 1.57; 95% CI, 0.94-2.60; Ptrend = 0.02). The OR of colorectal cancer was 1.70 (95% CI, 1.01-2.86; Ptrend = 0.08) comparing BMI ≥30 kg/m2 to <25 kg/m2. The OR of colorectal cancer was 2.43 (95% CI, 1.10-5.38) for the use of medications to treat diabetes. The associations of higher HbA1c, higher BMI, and the use of medications to treat diabetes, with colorectal cancer lend support to the hypothesis that perturbations in insulin and glucose control may influence colorectal carcinogenesis. It is possible that HbA1c, BMI, and the use of medications to treat diabetes, as a surrogate for protracted or severe type 2 diabetes mellitus, may have been better time-averaged indicators of hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia than the plasma markers that were measured once prediagnostically in a nonfasting population.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention|
|State||Published - May 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas