Association of Lung Function With HIV-Related Quality of Life and Health Care Utilization in a High-Risk Cohort

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic respiratory disease represents an important comorbidity for persons living with HIV (PLWH). HIV itself is associated with greater impairment in lung function. We aimed to determine the association between declining lung function and both quality of life (QOL) and health care utilization for PLWH. METHODS: Using longitudinal data from the Study of HIV Infection in the Etiology of Lung Disease 2009-2017, we studied the association between changes in lung function and both QOL and acute care events (emergency department visit or hospitalization). The Medical Outcomes Studies-HIV Questionnaire provided QOL domains. Multivariable regression models were performed with generalized estimating equations accounting for 1499 participants, 485 with HIV, contributing 10,825 spirometry visits. RESULTS: Among PLWH, decreased FEV1 was associated with worse physical health for those with higher viral load [β: -1.66, 95% confidence interval (CI): -3.11 to -0.39] compared to those with viral suppression (β: -0.58, 95% CI: -1.06 to -0.162), even in those without airflow obstruction. Lower FEV1 was also associated with increased odds of both emergency department (odds ratio: 1.21, 95% CI: 1.09 to 1.34) and inpatient (odds ratio: 1.26, 95% CI: 1.12 to 1.42) hospitalizations for PLWH. Lung function was not associated with increased odds of acute care events for HIV-uninfected participants. CONCLUSIONS: FEV1 declines represent an independent predictor of QOL and acute care events among PLWH. Although the generalizability of these results may be limited, because of the high-risk population included, findings suggest that care for PLWH should involve monitoring FEV1 over time, especially in those with poor virologic control, with emphasis on the development and implementation of interventions to mitigate lung function decline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-226
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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