Association of Hearing Impairment with Declines in Physical Functioning and the Risk of Disability in Older Adults

David S. Chen, Joshua Francis Betz, Kristine Yaffe, Hilsa N. Ayonayon, Stephen Kritchevsky, Kathryn R. Martin, Tamara B. Harris, Elizabeth Purchase-Helzner, Suzanne Satterfield, Qian Li Xue, Sheila Pratt, Eleanor Marie Simonsick, Frank Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Identifying factors associated with functional declines in older adults is important given the aging of the population. We investigated if hearing impairment is independently associated with objectively measured declines in physical functioning in a community-based sample of older adults. Methods: Prospective observational study of 2,190 individuals from the Health, Aging, and Body Composition study. Participants were followed annually for up to 11 visits. Hearing was measured with pure-tone audiometry. Physical functioning and gait speed were measured with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Incident disability and requirement for nursing care were assessed semiannually through self-report. Results: In a mixed-effects model, greater hearing impairment was associated with poorer physical functioning. At both Visit 1 and Visit 11, SPPB scores were lower in individuals with mild (10.14 [95% CI 10.04-10.25], p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)654-661
Number of pages8
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume70
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Fingerprint

Hearing Loss
Pure-Tone Audiometry
Nursing Care
Body Composition
Self Report
Hearing
Observational Studies
Prospective Studies
Health
Population
Walking Speed

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Physical function
  • Physical performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Association of Hearing Impairment with Declines in Physical Functioning and the Risk of Disability in Older Adults. / Chen, David S.; Betz, Joshua Francis; Yaffe, Kristine; Ayonayon, Hilsa N.; Kritchevsky, Stephen; Martin, Kathryn R.; Harris, Tamara B.; Purchase-Helzner, Elizabeth; Satterfield, Suzanne; Xue, Qian Li; Pratt, Sheila; Simonsick, Eleanor Marie; Lin, Frank.

In: Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, Vol. 70, No. 5, 01.05.2015, p. 654-661.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, David S. ; Betz, Joshua Francis ; Yaffe, Kristine ; Ayonayon, Hilsa N. ; Kritchevsky, Stephen ; Martin, Kathryn R. ; Harris, Tamara B. ; Purchase-Helzner, Elizabeth ; Satterfield, Suzanne ; Xue, Qian Li ; Pratt, Sheila ; Simonsick, Eleanor Marie ; Lin, Frank. / Association of Hearing Impairment with Declines in Physical Functioning and the Risk of Disability in Older Adults. In: Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. 2015 ; Vol. 70, No. 5. pp. 654-661.
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