Association of Food Parenting Practices on Child BMI z Score and Waist Circumference in Mexican Preschool Children After 1 Year of Follow-Up

María C. Souto-Gallardo, Montserrat Bacardí-Gascón, Sara Benjamin-Neelon, Arturo Jiménez-Cruz, Gisela Pineda-García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the association between food parenting practices (FPPs) and weight status among preschoolers and the directionality of this association at 1-year follow-up. Methods: A longitudinal exploratory study was conducted using linear regression and structural equation modeling to determine directional associations between FPPs and children's body mass index z score and waist circumference. The FPPs were estimated using Child Feeding Questionnaire subscales. Results: A total of 91 parent–child dyads completed the study. In structural equation modeling analysis, when identifying the FPPs in a latent variable with its indicators of indulgent feeding, food as a reward and restriction predicted higher body mass index z score at follow-up. Higher baseline waist circumference was also negatively associated with the use of food as a reward. Conclusions and Implications: Feeding–weight associations are likely bidirectional. Understanding them, as well as the pathways between them, is critical to developing effective prevention and treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-79
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • body weight
  • childhood obesity
  • feeding practices
  • preschool children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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