Association of fat and salt intake with blood pressure in urban African-American hypertensive adults

R. Y. Stallings, L. Wilder, Martha Hill, Lee R Bone, A. Barker, I. Baylor, A. Galber, D. Leyine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two-hundred eighteen hypertensive African-American adults in Baltimore city participating in a community based hypertension control study were interviewed at their fourth home visit by their community health worker. Subjects responded to a 12 item fat intake screener (FIS2) [A. Dowdy, et al; in press, AJPH] and to 2 salt intake items: 1) add salt before tasting food and 2} add salt to cooking water. The salt items were summed (score 0-2). Weight and self-reported height were used to compute body mass index (BMI); blood pressure was measured following AHA protocol. Other items included: age, gender, exercise, current use of alcohol, cigarettes, and high blood pressure (HBP) medication, and history of comorbidities. Mean diastolic pressure (DBP) was significantly (p<0.0001) higher among subjects whose FIS2 score was > = 25 [85.3 (15.8)], the suggested cutpoint for high fat and/or cholesterol intake, than among subjects with scores =25, HBP medication, and alcohol use were associated with higher diastolic pressure. Fat intake as measured by the FIS2, but not salt intake, was a significant predictor of diastolic pressure, even accounting for other demographic, lifestyle, and comorbidity risk factors in this study population, suggesting the importance of diet in controlling hypertension in the urban African-American community .

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume11
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Blood pressure
African Americans
blood pressure
Salts
Fats
hypertension
Blood Pressure
salts
Hypertension
lipids
fat intake
drug therapy
Comorbidity
community health workers
alcohols
Alcohols
Baltimore
House Calls
cigarettes
Cooking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Association of fat and salt intake with blood pressure in urban African-American hypertensive adults. / Stallings, R. Y.; Wilder, L.; Hill, Martha; Bone, Lee R; Barker, A.; Baylor, I.; Galber, A.; Leyine, D.

In: FASEB Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, 1997.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stallings, RY, Wilder, L, Hill, M, Bone, LR, Barker, A, Baylor, I, Galber, A & Leyine, D 1997, 'Association of fat and salt intake with blood pressure in urban African-American hypertensive adults', FASEB Journal, vol. 11, no. 3.
Stallings, R. Y. ; Wilder, L. ; Hill, Martha ; Bone, Lee R ; Barker, A. ; Baylor, I. ; Galber, A. ; Leyine, D. / Association of fat and salt intake with blood pressure in urban African-American hypertensive adults. In: FASEB Journal. 1997 ; Vol. 11, No. 3.
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