Association of a haplotype for tumor necrosis factor in siblings with late-onset Alzheimer disease: The NIMH Alzheimer disease genetics initiative

Julianne S. Collins, Rodney T. Perry, Bracie Watson, Lindy E. Harrell, Ronald T. Acton, Deborah Blacker, Marilyn S. Albert, Rudolph E. Tanzi, Susan S. Bassett, Melvin G. McInnis, R. Duncan Campbell, Rodney C.P. Go

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a proinflammatory cytokine, may be involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD) based on observations that senile plaques have been found to upregulate proinflammatory cytokines. Additionally, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been found to delay and prevent the onset of AD. A collaborative genome-wide scan for AD genes in 266 late-onset families implicated a 20 centimorgan region at chromosome 6p21.3 that includes the TNF gene. Three TNF polymorphisms, a -308 TNF promoter polymorphism, whose TNF2 allele is associated with autoimmune inflammatory diseases and strong transcriptional activity, the -238 TNF promoter polymorphism, and the microsatellite TNFa, whose 2 allele is associated with a high TNF secretion, were typed in 145 families consisting of 562 afleered and unaffected siblings. These polymorphisms formed a haplotype, 2-1-2, re-spectively, that was significantly associated with AD (P = 0.005) using the sibling disequilibrium test. Singly, the TNFa2 allele was also significantly associated (P = 0.04) with AD in these 145 families. This TNF association with AD lends further support for an inflammatory process in the pathogenesis of AD. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)823-830
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics - Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Volume96
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 4 2000

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Keywords

  • Chromosome 6
  • Cytokine
  • Dementia
  • HLA
  • TNF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Collins, J. S., Perry, R. T., Watson, B., Harrell, L. E., Acton, R. T., Blacker, D., Albert, M. S., Tanzi, R. E., Bassett, S. S., McInnis, M. G., Duncan Campbell, R., & Go, R. C. P. (2000). Association of a haplotype for tumor necrosis factor in siblings with late-onset Alzheimer disease: The NIMH Alzheimer disease genetics initiative. American Journal of Medical Genetics - Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 96(6), 823-830.