Association between vertigo, cognitive and psychiatric conditions in US children: 2012 National Health Interview Survey

Robin T. Bigelow, Yevgeniy R. Semenov, Howard J. Hoffman, Yuri Agrawal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Small studies have suggested an association between vertigo and psychiatric comorbidity. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the associations between vertigo and cognitive and psychiatric conditions among a large sample of U.S. children. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Child Balance Supplement administered to parents/caregivers of children aged 3–17 years. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between vertigo and specific cognitive and psychiatric conditions. Results: The 1-year prevalence of vertigo was 1.56% in this nationally-representative sample (N = 10,823) of U.S. children aged 3–17 years. After adjusting for demographic and confounding health variables (otitis media and headaches/migraine), children with vertigo had significantly higher odds of attention deficit disorder (OR = 1.73, 95%CI: 1.06–2.81), learning disability (OR = 3.45, CI: 2.18), developmental delay (OR = 2.59, CI: 1.34–4.98), intellectual disability (OR = 6.60, CI: 2.60–16.79), and are more likely to utilize special education services (OR = 2.46, CI: 1.48–4.10) relative to the rest of U.S. children. Children with vertigo also had higher odds of having difficulty with emotions, concentration, or behavior (OR = 2.92, CI 1.85–4.61), and having a poor attention span (OR = 1.68, CI: 1.01–2.80). Conclusions: Vertigo is associated with significantly increased odds of cognitive and psychiatric comorbidity in U.S. children. These findings support the hypothesis that the vestibular system is important for normal cognitive and psychiatric development in children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number109802
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
StatePublished - Mar 2020


  • Cognition
  • Pediatrics
  • Psychiatry
  • Vertigo
  • Vestibular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology


Dive into the research topics of 'Association between vertigo, cognitive and psychiatric conditions in US children: 2012 National Health Interview Survey'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this