Association between the metabolic syndrome and newly diagnosed coronary artery disease

M. Baltali, Adnan Gokcel, H. T. Kiziltan, M. E. Korkmaz, S. Topcu, F. Yalcin, S. Demircan, F. Yigit, B. Ozin, I. H. Muderrisoglu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This case-control study was designed to outline age- and gender-related differences of metabolic risk factors in a group of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Accordingly, a total of 366 consecutive patients with a recent diagnosis of CAD (139 women, 41-79 yr; 227 men, 39-78 yr) were screened between October 1999 and April 2001 at Baskent University Adana Medical Center, and 366 age- and gender-matched individuals were selected as a control group. We compared demographics, blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference, lipid profile, fasting and post-prandial glucose-insulin levels between CAD patients and the control group. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 72.6% in females, and 39.0% in males with CAD. Hypertension, obesity and diabetes were more common in female patients; 64.5% of female patients had premature CAD and 83.5% of those had metabolic syndrome. In logistic (OR: 3.57 for women and OR: 1.59 for men) regression analysis, metabolic syndrome was independently associated with CAD in both genders. As a conclusion, prevalence of metabolic syndrome was significantly higher in patients with CAD than the control group, especially in female patients. The metabolic syndrome was independently associated with CAD in both genders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-175
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes, Nutrition and Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental
Volume16
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Gender
  • Metabolic syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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