Association Between Patient-Reported Medication Adherence and Anticoagulation Control

Jonathan Sevilla-Cazes, Brian S. Finkleman, Jinbo Chen, Colleen M. Brensinger, Andrew E. Epstein, Michael B. Streiff, Stephen E. Kimmel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background The prevention of thromboembolism events remains challenging in cases of poor medication adherence. Unfortunately, clinical prediction of future adherence has been suboptimal. The objective of this study was to examine the correlation between 2 measures of real-time, self-reported adherence and anticoagulation control. Methods The IN-RANGE2 cohort recruited patients initiating warfarin therapy in 3 urban anticoagulation clinics. At each study visit, participants reported adherence using a 100-point visual analogue scale (VAS, marking percentage of pills taken since prior visit on a linear scale) and 7-day recall of pill-taking behavior. Anticoagulation control was measured by between-visit percent time in international normalized ratio range (BVTR), dichotomized at the cohort median. The longitudinal association between adherence and anticoagulation control was estimated using generalized estimating equations, controlling for clinical and demographic characteristics, prior BVTR, and warfarin dose changes. Results Among 598 participants with 3204 (median 4) visits, the median BVTR was 36.8% (interquartile range 0%-73.9%). Participants reported ≤80% adherence in 182 visits (5.7%) and missed pills in the past 7 days in 377 visits (11.8%). Multivariable regression analysis found poorer anticoagulation control (BVTR <36.8%) in those with a VAS ≤80% (odds ratio 1.89; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-3.18; P =.02) and self-reported change in adherence since last visit (odds ratio 1.55; 95% confidence interval, 1.20-2.01; P =.001). Conclusion Self-reported VAS medication adherence at a clinic visit and changes in reported adherence since the last visit are independently associated with BVTR. Clinicians may gain additional insight into patients' medication adherence by incorporating this information into patient management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1092-1098.e2
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2017


  • Anticoagulation
  • Medication adherence
  • Self-report
  • Visual analogue scale
  • Warfarin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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