Smoking during pregnancy can lead to serious health consequences. Given such health risks, an understanding of factors that influence maternal smoking behaviors during pregnancy is critical. The objective of this study is to assess the relationship between tobacco store density, neighborhood socioeconomic status, and neighborhood rates of maternal smoking during pregnancy. Fifty-five community areas in Baltimore City were summarized using data from the Neighborhood Health Profiles. Associations between tobacco store density and smoking while pregnant in a community were determined using Moran's I and spatial regression analyses to account for autocorrelation. The fully adjusted model took into account the following community-level socioeconomic variables as covariates: neighborhood median income, percentage of those living in poverty, percentage of uninsured, and percentage of persons with at least a college degree. In regards to the findings, the percentage of women by community area who identified as actively smoking while pregnant was 10.4% ± 5.8%. The tobacco store density was 21.0 ± 12.7 per 10,000 persons (range 0.0–49.1 tobacco store density per 10,000 persons). In the adjusted model, an increase in density of 1 tobacco store per 10,000 persons was associated with a 10% increase in women who reported smoking during pregnancy (β = 0.10, p = 0.04). In conclusion, tobacco store density and neighborhood socioeconomic factors were associated with prevalence of maternal smoking while pregnant. These findings support the need to further assess and develop interventions to reduce the impact of tobacco store density on smoking behaviors and health risks in communities.
- Community health
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health