Background: Information on genetic etiology of pediatric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) rarely aids in risk stratification and prediction of disease onset. Little data exist on the association between genetic modifiers and phenotypic expression of myocardial performance, hampering an individual precision medicine approach. Methods: Single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping for six previously established disease risk alleles in the hypoxia-inducible factor-1α-vascular endothelial growth factor pathway was performed in a pediatric cohort with HCM. Findings were correlated with echocardiographic parameters of systolic and diastolic myocardial deformation measured by two-dimensional (2-D) speckle-tracking strain. Results: Twenty-five children (6.1 ± 4.5 years; 69% male) with phenotypic and genotypic (60%) HCM were included. Out of six risk alleles tested, one, VEGF1 963GG, showed an association with reduced regional systolic and diastolic left ventricular (LV) myocardial deformation. Moreover, LV average and segmental systolic and diastolic strain and strain rate were significantly reduced, as assessed by the standardized difference, in patients harboring the risk allele. Conclusions: This is the first study to identify an association between a risk allele in the VEGF pathway and regional LV myocardial function, with the VEGF1 963GG allele associated with reduced LV systolic and diastolic myocardial performance. While studies are needed to link this information to adverse clinical outcomes, this knowledge may help in risk stratification and patient management in HCM. Impact: Risk allele in the VEGF gene impacts on LV myocardial deformation phenotype in children with HCM.LV 2-D strain is significantly reduced in patients with risk allele compared to non-risk allele patients within HCM patient groups.Describes that deficiencies in LV myocardial performance in children with HCM are associated with a previously identified risk allele in the angiogenic transcription factor VEGF.First study to identify an association between a risk allele in the VEGF pathway and regional LV myocardial deformation measured by 2-D strain in children with HCM.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health