Association between anxiety levels and weight change in the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis

Katherine Rieke, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, Kiang Liu, Erin Donnelly Michos, Amy Luke, Holly Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective. To examine the association between anxiety and weight change in a multiethnic cohort followed for approximately 10 years. Methods. The study population consisted of participants of the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis who met specified inclusion criteria (n = 5,799). Weight was measured at baseline and four subsequent follow-up exams. Anxiety was analyzed as sex-specific anxiety quartiles (QANX). The relationship between anxiety level and weight change was examined using a mixed-effect model with weight as the dependent variable, anxiety and time as the independent variables, and adjusted for covariates. Results. Average annual weight change (range) was -0.17 kg (-6.04 to 4.38 kg) for QANX 1 (lowest anxiety), -0.16 kg (-10.71 to 4.45 kg) for QANX 2, -0.15 kg (-8.69 to 6.39 kg) for QANX 3, and -0.20 kg (-7.12 to 3.95 kg) for QANX 4 (highest anxiety). No significant association was noted between QANX and weight change. However, the highest QANX was associated with a -2.48 kg (95% CI = -3.65, -1.31) lower baseline weight compared to the lowest QANX after adjustment for all covariates. Conclusions. Among adults, age 45-84, higher levels of anxiety, defined by the STPI trait anxiety scale, are associated with lower average baseline weight but not with weight change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number894627
JournalJournal of Obesity
Volume2014
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Atherosclerosis
Anxiety
Weights and Measures
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Association between anxiety levels and weight change in the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis. / Rieke, Katherine; Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon; Liu, Kiang; Michos, Erin Donnelly; Luke, Amy; Kramer, Holly.

In: Journal of Obesity, Vol. 2014, 894627, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rieke, Katherine ; Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon ; Liu, Kiang ; Michos, Erin Donnelly ; Luke, Amy ; Kramer, Holly. / Association between anxiety levels and weight change in the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis. In: Journal of Obesity. 2014 ; Vol. 2014.
@article{5464ca1bb972472dbf94335d8c00b771,
title = "Association between anxiety levels and weight change in the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis",
abstract = "Objective. To examine the association between anxiety and weight change in a multiethnic cohort followed for approximately 10 years. Methods. The study population consisted of participants of the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis who met specified inclusion criteria (n = 5,799). Weight was measured at baseline and four subsequent follow-up exams. Anxiety was analyzed as sex-specific anxiety quartiles (QANX). The relationship between anxiety level and weight change was examined using a mixed-effect model with weight as the dependent variable, anxiety and time as the independent variables, and adjusted for covariates. Results. Average annual weight change (range) was -0.17 kg (-6.04 to 4.38 kg) for QANX 1 (lowest anxiety), -0.16 kg (-10.71 to 4.45 kg) for QANX 2, -0.15 kg (-8.69 to 6.39 kg) for QANX 3, and -0.20 kg (-7.12 to 3.95 kg) for QANX 4 (highest anxiety). No significant association was noted between QANX and weight change. However, the highest QANX was associated with a -2.48 kg (95{\%} CI = -3.65, -1.31) lower baseline weight compared to the lowest QANX after adjustment for all covariates. Conclusions. Among adults, age 45-84, higher levels of anxiety, defined by the STPI trait anxiety scale, are associated with lower average baseline weight but not with weight change.",
author = "Katherine Rieke and Ramon Durazo-Arvizu and Kiang Liu and Michos, {Erin Donnelly} and Amy Luke and Holly Kramer",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1155/2014/894627",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2014",
journal = "Journal of Obesity",
issn = "2090-0708",
publisher = "Hindawi Publishing Corporation",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association between anxiety levels and weight change in the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis

AU - Rieke, Katherine

AU - Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon

AU - Liu, Kiang

AU - Michos, Erin Donnelly

AU - Luke, Amy

AU - Kramer, Holly

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Objective. To examine the association between anxiety and weight change in a multiethnic cohort followed for approximately 10 years. Methods. The study population consisted of participants of the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis who met specified inclusion criteria (n = 5,799). Weight was measured at baseline and four subsequent follow-up exams. Anxiety was analyzed as sex-specific anxiety quartiles (QANX). The relationship between anxiety level and weight change was examined using a mixed-effect model with weight as the dependent variable, anxiety and time as the independent variables, and adjusted for covariates. Results. Average annual weight change (range) was -0.17 kg (-6.04 to 4.38 kg) for QANX 1 (lowest anxiety), -0.16 kg (-10.71 to 4.45 kg) for QANX 2, -0.15 kg (-8.69 to 6.39 kg) for QANX 3, and -0.20 kg (-7.12 to 3.95 kg) for QANX 4 (highest anxiety). No significant association was noted between QANX and weight change. However, the highest QANX was associated with a -2.48 kg (95% CI = -3.65, -1.31) lower baseline weight compared to the lowest QANX after adjustment for all covariates. Conclusions. Among adults, age 45-84, higher levels of anxiety, defined by the STPI trait anxiety scale, are associated with lower average baseline weight but not with weight change.

AB - Objective. To examine the association between anxiety and weight change in a multiethnic cohort followed for approximately 10 years. Methods. The study population consisted of participants of the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis who met specified inclusion criteria (n = 5,799). Weight was measured at baseline and four subsequent follow-up exams. Anxiety was analyzed as sex-specific anxiety quartiles (QANX). The relationship between anxiety level and weight change was examined using a mixed-effect model with weight as the dependent variable, anxiety and time as the independent variables, and adjusted for covariates. Results. Average annual weight change (range) was -0.17 kg (-6.04 to 4.38 kg) for QANX 1 (lowest anxiety), -0.16 kg (-10.71 to 4.45 kg) for QANX 2, -0.15 kg (-8.69 to 6.39 kg) for QANX 3, and -0.20 kg (-7.12 to 3.95 kg) for QANX 4 (highest anxiety). No significant association was noted between QANX and weight change. However, the highest QANX was associated with a -2.48 kg (95% CI = -3.65, -1.31) lower baseline weight compared to the lowest QANX after adjustment for all covariates. Conclusions. Among adults, age 45-84, higher levels of anxiety, defined by the STPI trait anxiety scale, are associated with lower average baseline weight but not with weight change.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84908432984&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84908432984&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1155/2014/894627

DO - 10.1155/2014/894627

M3 - Article

C2 - 25374677

AN - SCOPUS:84908432984

VL - 2014

JO - Journal of Obesity

JF - Journal of Obesity

SN - 2090-0708

M1 - 894627

ER -