Association Between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Asthma in Peruvian Children

Jessica Rice, Karina M. Romero, Rocio M. Galvez Davila, Carla Tarazona Meza, Andrew Bilderback, D. Ann L Williams, Patrick N Breysse, Sonali Bose, William Checkley, Nadia Hansel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Adherence to a Mediterranean diet pattern may be associated with lower asthma prevalence in children. We sought to corroborate these findings in Peruvian children. Methods: This case–control study included children of ages 9–19 years living in Lima, Peru. A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was completed and diet pattern was analyzed using a modified Mediterranean diet score (MDS). Primary analysis investigated the relationship between MDS and asthma status. Maternal education, age, sex, and body mass index category were included in multivariate model. Secondary outcomes included asthma control, forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), allergic rhinitis, and atopic status. Results: 287 participants with asthma and 96 controls without asthma completed a FFQ. Mean age was 13.5 years. According to the asthma control test (ACT), 86 % of those with asthma were controlled (score >19). MDS scores ranged 6–18 (median 15). In adjusted analysis, being above the median MDS scores was associated with decreased odds of asthma [OR = 0.55, 95 % CI (0.33, 0.92), p = 0.02]. Among children whose mothers completed secondary education, being above the median MDS significantly decreased the odds of asthma [OR = 0.31, 95 % CI (0.14, 0.71), p 

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)893-899
Number of pages7
JournalLung
Volume193
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

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Mediterranean Diet
Asthma
Food
Peru
Sex Education
Maternal Age
Forced Expiratory Volume
Body Mass Index
Mothers
Diet
Education

Keywords

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Atopic
  • Control
  • Diet pattern
  • Food frequency questionnaire
  • Peru

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Rice, J., Romero, K. M., Galvez Davila, R. M., Meza, C. T., Bilderback, A., Williams, D. A. L., ... Hansel, N. (2015). Association Between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Asthma in Peruvian Children. Lung, 193(6), 893-899. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00408-015-9792-9

Association Between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Asthma in Peruvian Children. / Rice, Jessica; Romero, Karina M.; Galvez Davila, Rocio M.; Meza, Carla Tarazona; Bilderback, Andrew; Williams, D. Ann L; Breysse, Patrick N; Bose, Sonali; Checkley, William; Hansel, Nadia.

In: Lung, Vol. 193, No. 6, 01.12.2015, p. 893-899.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rice, J, Romero, KM, Galvez Davila, RM, Meza, CT, Bilderback, A, Williams, DAL, Breysse, PN, Bose, S, Checkley, W & Hansel, N 2015, 'Association Between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Asthma in Peruvian Children', Lung, vol. 193, no. 6, pp. 893-899. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00408-015-9792-9
Rice J, Romero KM, Galvez Davila RM, Meza CT, Bilderback A, Williams DAL et al. Association Between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Asthma in Peruvian Children. Lung. 2015 Dec 1;193(6):893-899. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00408-015-9792-9
Rice, Jessica ; Romero, Karina M. ; Galvez Davila, Rocio M. ; Meza, Carla Tarazona ; Bilderback, Andrew ; Williams, D. Ann L ; Breysse, Patrick N ; Bose, Sonali ; Checkley, William ; Hansel, Nadia. / Association Between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Asthma in Peruvian Children. In: Lung. 2015 ; Vol. 193, No. 6. pp. 893-899.
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