Assimilating non-local observations with a local ensemble Kalman filter

Elana J. Fertig, Brian R. Hunt, Edward Ott, Istvan Szunyogh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Many ensemble data assimilation schemes utilize spatial localization so that a small ensemble can capture the unstable degrees of freedom in the model state. These local ensemble-based schemes typically allow the analysis at a given location to depend only on observations near that location. Meanwhile, the location of satellite observations cannot be pinpointed in the same manner as conventional observations. We propose a technique to update the state at a given location by assimilating satellite radiance observations that are strongly correlated to the model state there. For satellite retrievals, we propose incorporating the observation error covariance matrix and selecting the retrievals that have errors correlated to observations near the location to be updated. Our selection techniques improve the analysis obtained when assimilating simulated satellite observations with a seven-layer primitive equation model, the SPEEDY model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)719-730
Number of pages12
JournalTellus, Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Atmospheric Science

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