Assessment of the expression and role of the α1-nAChR subunit in efferent cholinergic function during the development of the mammalian cochlea

Isabelle Roux, Jingjing Sherry Wu, J. Michael McIntosh, Elisabeth B Glowatzki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hair cell (HC) activity in the mammalian cochlea is modulated by cholinergic efferent inputs from the brainstem. These inhibitory inputs are mediated by calcium-permeable nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) containing α9- and α10-subunits and by subsequent activation of calcium-dependent potassium channels. Intriguingly, mRNAs of α1- and γ-nAChRs, subunits of the "muscle-type" nAChR have also been found in developing HCs (Cai T, Jen HI, Kang H, Klisch TJ, Zoghbi HY, Groves AK. J Neurosci 35: 5870-5883, 2015; Scheffer D, Sage C, Plazas PV, Huang M, Wedemeyer C, Zhang DS, Chen ZY, Elgoyhen AB, Corey DP, Pingault V. J Neurochem 103: 2651-2664, 2007; Sinkkonen ST, Chai R, Jan TA, Hartman BH, Laske RD, Gahlen F, Sinkkonen W, Cheng AG, Oshima K, Heller S. Sci Rep 1: 26, 2011) prompting proposals that another type of nAChR is present and may be critical during early synaptic development. Mouse genetics, histochemistry, pharmacology, and whole cell recording approaches were combined to test the role of α1-nAChR subunit in HC efferent synapse formation and cholinergic function. The onset of α1-mRNA expression in mouse HCs was found to coincide with the onset of the ACh response and efferent synaptic function. However, in mouse inner hair cells (IHCs) no response to the muscle-type nAChR agonists (±)-anatoxin A, (±)-epibatidine, (-)-nicotine, or 1,1-dimethyl-4-phenylpiperazinium iodide (DMPP) was detected, arguing against the presence of an independent functional α1-containing muscle-type nAChR in IHCs. In α1-deficient mice, no obvious change of IHC efferent innervation was detected at embryonic day 18, contrary to the hyperinnervation observed at the neuromuscular junction. Additionally, ACh response and efferent synaptic activity were detectable in α1-deficient IHCs, suggesting that α1 is not necessary for assembly and membrane targeting of nAChRs or for efferent synapse formation in IHCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-492
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neurophysiology
Volume116
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Fingerprint

Inner Auditory Hair Cells
Cochlea
Cholinergic Agents
Nicotinic Receptors
epibatidine
Muscles
Synapses
Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels
Dilatation and Curettage
Messenger RNA
Neuromuscular Junction
Iodides
Patch-Clamp Techniques
Nicotine
Brain Stem
Pharmacology
Calcium
Membranes

Keywords

  • Cochlea
  • Efferent cholinergic synapse
  • Hair cell
  • Synapse formation
  • α-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor
  • αα-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Assessment of the expression and role of the α1-nAChR subunit in efferent cholinergic function during the development of the mammalian cochlea. / Roux, Isabelle; Wu, Jingjing Sherry; McIntosh, J. Michael; Glowatzki, Elisabeth B.

In: Journal of Neurophysiology, Vol. 116, No. 2, 01.08.2016, p. 479-492.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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