Assessment of the accuracy of lacrimal scintigraphy based on a prospective analysis of patients' symptomatology

Armaghan Fard-Esfahani, Ali Gholamrezanezhad, Sahar Mirpour, Ali Sadeghi Tari, Mohsen Saghari, Davood Beiki, Babak Fallahi Sichani, Mohammad Eftekhari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Dacryoscintigraphy is a noninvasive method frequently used for assessment of the lacrimal drainage system. Sometimes conflicting results with patients' complaints are obtained, which have no clear explanation. In our hypothesis, follow-up of patients evaluated with dacryoscintigraphy could be helpful in determining possible explanations for these conflicting results. Method: Thirty-eight consecutive patients (76 eyes) who had not previously undergone dacryocystorhinostomy or probing were entered in the study. Following instillation of 4 MBq 99mTc-pertechnetate, a routine procedure of dacryoscintigraphy was performed. After a mean follow-up time of 1.2 ± 0.3 years (range 0.9-1.6 years), all patients were reassessed clinically. Results: Using initial patients' symptoms as the gold standard, the sensitivity, specificity, NPV, and PPV of dacryoscintigraphy were calculated to be 82.1%, 75%, 60%, and 90.1%, respectively. The kappa value as a measure of agreement was 0.52. Considering the follow-up study as the gold standard, the sensitivity, specificity, NPV, and PPV were calculated as follows, respectively: 96.3%, 90.4%, 96.3%, and 90.4%. The kappa value was 0.86. There were three initially symptom-free eyes with obstructive pattern on the scans, which developed epiphora on the follow-up. In fact, these eyes were initially classified as false positive, but follow-up assessment showed that they were true-positive scans in a subclinical state. Conclusion: Despite certain drawbacks inherent to the technique, dacryoscintigraphy provides valuable independent information and allows more accurate management decisions. In some patients, data obtained from lacrimal scintigraphy could be predictive, and it makes possible determination of subclinical nasolacrimal duct obstructions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-241
Number of pages5
JournalOrbit
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dacryoscintigraphy
  • Epiphora
  • Lacrimal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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    Fard-Esfahani, A., Gholamrezanezhad, A., Mirpour, S., Tari, A. S., Saghari, M., Beiki, D., Sichani, B. F., & Eftekhari, M. (2008). Assessment of the accuracy of lacrimal scintigraphy based on a prospective analysis of patients' symptomatology. Orbit, 27(4), 237-241. https://doi.org/10.1080/01676830802225046