Assessment of processing speed in children with mild tbi: A "first look" at the validity of pediatric ImPACT

Julie B. Newman, Jennifer H. Reesman, Christopher G. Vaughan, Gerard A. Gioia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Deficit in the speed of cognitive processing is a commonly identified neuropsychological change in children recovering from a mild TBI. However, there are few validated child assessment instruments that allow for serial assessment over the course of recovery in this population. Pediatric ImPACT is a novel measure that purports to assess cognitive speed, learning, and efficiency in this population. The current study sought to validate the use of this new measure by comparing it to traditional paper and pencil measures of processing speed. Method: One hundred and sixty-four children (71% male) age 5-12 with mild TBI evaluated in an outpatient concussion clinic were administered Pediatric ImPACT and other neuropsychological test measures as part of a flexible test battery. Results: Performance on the Response Speed Composite of Pediatric ImPACT was more strongly associated with other measures of cognitive processing speed, than with measures of immediate/working memory and learning/memory in this sample of injured children. Conclusions: There is preliminary support for convergent and discriminant validity of Pediatric ImPACT as a measure for use in post-concussion evaluations of processing speed in children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)779-793
Number of pages15
JournalClinical Neuropsychologist
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

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Pediatrics
Processing speed
Cognitive processing
Short-Term Memory
Learning
Clinic
Working memory
Sixties
Battery
Evaluation
Neuropsychological Tests
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Efficiency

Keywords

  • Child
  • Cognitive
  • Concussion
  • Neuropsychological
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Assessment of processing speed in children with mild tbi : A "first look" at the validity of pediatric ImPACT. / Newman, Julie B.; Reesman, Jennifer H.; Vaughan, Christopher G.; Gioia, Gerard A.

In: Clinical Neuropsychologist, Vol. 27, No. 5, 01.07.2013, p. 779-793.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Newman, Julie B.; Reesman, Jennifer H.; Vaughan, Christopher G.; Gioia, Gerard A. / Assessment of processing speed in children with mild tbi : A "first look" at the validity of pediatric ImPACT.

In: Clinical Neuropsychologist, Vol. 27, No. 5, 01.07.2013, p. 779-793.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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