Assessment of DSM-III personality structure in a general-population survey

Gerald Nestadt, William W. Eaton, Alan J. Romanoski, Roberta Garrison, Marshal F. Folstein, Paul R. McHugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The object of this study is to assess the internal validity of DSM-III personality constructs and to explore whether the constituent elements are better explained by an alternate internally coherent classification. A two-stage stratified random sample of subjects identified at the Baltimore site of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) program were examined by psychiatrists for DSM-III personality attributes using a semistructured instrument. Dichotomous factor analysis was used in the confirmatory mode to test whether a single factor explained each of the 11 DSM-III personality disorders. This approach rejected a single explanatory factor for all but compulsive personality disorder. Exploratory factor analysis showed that these DSM-III personality features are parsimoniously described by a five-factor model. These factors are warmth, animation, timidity, trust, and scrupulousness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-63
Number of pages10
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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