Racial disparities in cardiovascular health (CVH) continue to remain a public health concern in the United States. We use unique population-based data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis cohort to explore the black-white differences in optimal CVH. Utilizing geographically weighted regression methods, we assess the spatial heterogeneity in black-white differences in optimal CVH and the impact of both individual- and neighborhood-level risk factors. We found evidence of significant spatial heterogeneity in black-white differences that varied within and between the five sites. Initial models showed decreased odds of optimal CVH for blacks that ranged from 60% to 70% reduced odds – with noticeable variation of these decreased odds within each site. Adjusting for risk factors resulted in reductions in the black-white differences in optimal CVH. Further understanding of the reasons for spatial heterogeneities in black-white differences in nationally representative cohorts may provide important clues regarding the drivers of these differences.
- Cardiovascular health
- Spatial heterogeneity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Infectious Diseases
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis