Assessing the risk of hemorrhagic complication following transjugular liver biopsy in bone marrow transplantation recipients

Osman Ahmed, Thomas J. Ward, Matthew P. Lungren, Mohammed Ahmed Abdelrazek Mohammed, Lawrence V. Hofmann, Daniel Y. Sze, Nishita Kothary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose To determine if recipients of bone marrow transplants (BMTs) are at increased risk of hemorrhagic complications following transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB). Materials and Methods TJLBs in BMT and non-BMT patients between January 2007 and July 2014 were reviewed. Patient demographic and pre- and postprocedural laboratory data were reviewed. Mean platelet count and International Normalized Ratio were 174,300 × 103/μL ± 107.3 (standard deviation) and 1.2 ± 0.4, respectively, for BMT recipients, compared with 88,100 × 103/μL ± 70.9 and 1.2 ± 0.5, respectively, for non-BMT. Patients in whom hemoglobin level decreased by > 1 g/dL and/or required transfusion within 15 days of TJLB were reviewed to determine the presence of a biopsy-related hemorrhagic complication. Results A total of 1,600 TJLBs in 1,120 patients were analyzed. Of these, 183 TJLBs in 159 BMT recipients and 1,417 TJLBs in 961 patients non-BMT patients were performed. Thirteen TJLBs were complicated by hemorrhage: five in BMT (2.9%) and eight in the non-BMT cohorts (0.6%; P <.01). Preprocedural platelet counts were within normal range (57-268 × 103/μL) in all but one patient (8 × 103/μL). BMT recipients had an odds ratio of 4.9 (95% confidence interval, 1.25-17.3) for post-TJLB bleeding/hemorrhage compared with those without BMTs (P <.01). Conclusions TJLB continues to be a safe procedure in the vast majority of patients. However, hemorrhagic complications occurred at a rate of 2.9% in BMT recipients, compared with 0.6% in patients without BMTs, and therefore caution should be exercised when performing TJLB in this group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-557
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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