Assessing the overall quality of health care in persons living with HIV in an urban environment

Sara C. Keller, Baligh R. Yehia, Florence O. Momplaisir, Michael G. Eberhart, Amanda Share, Kathleen A. Brady

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ensuring high quality primary care for people living with HIV (PLWH) is important. We studied factors associated with meeting Health Resources and Services Administration-identified HIV performance measures, among a population-based sample of 376 PLWH in care at 24 Philadelphia clinics. Quality of care was assessed by a patient-level composite of 15 performance measures, focusing on HIV-specific care, vaccinations, and co-morbid condition screening. Adjusted incidence rate ratios (IRR) demonstrated relationships between patient and clinic factors and the performance measures score. The mean number of measures met was 8.52. Older age groups met more measures than 18- to 29-year-olds (age 40-49: adjusted IRR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.05-1.35; age ≥50: adjusted IRR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.03-1.35). Higher CD4 counts were associated with meeting more measures compared to CD4 <200 cells/μL (CD4 350-499 cells/μL: adjusted IRR: 1.14, 95% CI: 1.02-1.28; ≥500 cells/μL: adjusted IRR: 1.12, 95% CI: 1.01-1.26). PLWH attending clinics that provide adherence counseling or case management met more measures (adjusted IRR: 1.12, 95% CI: 1.04-1.21; adjusted IRR: 1.08, 95% CI: 1.02-1.14; respectively) than those attending clinics without these services. Limitations include potentially poor performance measure documentation and equal treatment of measures. Future work should focus on improving compliance with performance measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-205
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS patient care and STDs
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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