Assessing the DSM-IV structure of personality disorder with a sample of Chinese psychiatric patients

Jian Yang, R. Michael Bagby, C. Psych, Paul T. Costa, Andrew G. Ryder, Jeffrey H. Herbst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The validity of the three-cluster system of personality disorders (PDs) in the latest version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV; APA, 1994) was examined in a sample of Chinese psychiatric patients (n = 227), who completed the self-report Personality Disorders Questionnaire for DSM-IV (PDQ-4; Hyler, 1994) and who were also administered the clinician-rated Personality Disorders Interview-IV (PDI-IV; Widiger, Mangine, Corbit, Ellis, & Thomas,). Using confirmatory factor analysis, a three-factor model corresponding to the DSM-IV clusters was tested and compared statistically to a one-factor model and a set of random, three-factor models. Only the clinician-rated instrument supported the DSM-IV three-cluster model, and then only when the factors were allowed to correlate. Results from the theoretically more rigorous uncorrelated model testing did not support the DSM-IV model for either assessment modality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-331
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2002
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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