Assessing the cross-cultural validity of a parental autonomy granting measure: Comparing adolescents in the United States, China, Mexico, and India

Andrew J. Supple, Sharon R. Ghazarian, Gary W. Peterson, Kevin R. Bush

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study investigates the cross-cultural validity of a 10-item parental autonomy granting measure with samples of adolescents from the United States, China, Mexico, and India. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis suggested a moderately high degree of cross-cultural equivalence, particularly for the United States and China. Invariance in item loadings was found across samples, with the exception of items assessing freedom regarding career choices and encouragement to participate in family decisions. Correlations between autonomy granting and three criterion factors suggested that, across cultures, parental autonomy granting is associated with higher perceptions of parental support and greater effort exerted in school. Correlations varied in reference to associations between parental autonomy granting and reports of love withdrawal from mothers and fathers. Results also suggested that mean levels of autonomy granting from parents were highest in the U.S. sample and lowest in China. Results provide support for the universality of autonomy granting as a salient aspect of parenting across cultures but also point to areas where significant cultural differences exist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)816-833
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Autonomy development
  • Cross-cultural validity
  • Parent-adolescent relationships
  • Parenting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology

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