Assessing Daily Physical Activity in Older Adults: Unraveling the Complexity of Monitors, Measures, and Methods

Jennifer A. Schrack, Rachel Cooper, Annemarie Koster, Eric J. Shiroma, Joanne M. Murabito, W. Jack Rejeski, Luigi Ferrucci, Tamara B. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

At the 67th Gerontological Society of America Annual Meeting, a preconference workshop was convened to discuss the challenges of accurately assessing physical activity in older populations. The advent of wearable technology (eg, accelerometers) to monitor physical activity has created unprecedented opportunities to observe, quantify, and define physical activity in the real-world setting. These devices enable researchers to better understand the associations of physical activity with aging, and subsequent health outcomes. However, a consensus on proper methodological use of these devices in older populations has not been established. To date, much of the validation research regarding device type, placement, and data interpretation has been performed in younger, healthier populations, and translation of these methods to older populations remains problematic. A better understanding of these devices, their measurement properties, and the data generated is imperative to furthering our understanding of daily physical activity, its effects on the aging process, and vice versa. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the highlights of the preconference workshop, including properties of the different types of accelerometers, the methodological challenges of employing accelerometers in older study populations, a brief summary of ongoing aging-related research projects that utilize different types of accelerometers, and recommendations for future research directions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1039-1048
Number of pages10
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume71
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Functional performance
  • Physical activity
  • Physical function
  • Physical performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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